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Smoking

 
   
 

Smoking puts dangerous chemicals into your body (Every single cigarette has over 4,000 chemicals - including 200 known poisons) that can affect your growing process in a bad way.

Cigarettes contain nicotine, a powerfully addictive substance that provides an almost immediate “kick” because it causes a discharge of epinephrine from the adrenal cortex. This stimulates the central nervous system and other endocrine glands, which causes a sudden release of glucose. Stimulation is then followed by depression and fatigue, leading the abuser to seek more nicotine.

Nicotine is absorbed readily from tobacco smoke in the lungs, and it does not matter whether the tobacco smoke is from cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. Nicotine also is absorbed readily when tobacco is chewed. With regular use of tobacco, levels of nicotine accumulate in the body during the day and persist overnight. Thus, daily smokers or chewers are exposed to the effects of nicotine for 24 hours each day.

Pregnant women who smoke cigarettes run an increased risk of having stillborn or premature infants or infants with low birth-weight. Children of women who smoked while pregnant have an increased risk for developing conduct disorders.

Treatments: Studies have shown that pharmacological treatment combined with behavioral treatment, including psychological support and skills training to overcome high-risk situations, results in some of the highest long-term abstinence rates. Generally, rates of relapse for smoking cessation are highest in the first few weeks and months and diminish considerably after about 3 months.

Nicotine chewing gum, both nicotine gum and the nicotine patch, as well as other nicotine replacements such as sprays and inhalers, are used to help people fully quit smoking by reducing withdrawal symptoms and preventing relapse while undergoing behavioral treatment.

Research: Research has shown that changes in the brain’s pleasure circuits during withdrawal from chronic nicotine use. These changes are comparable in magnitude and duration to similar changes observed during withdrawal from other abused drugs such as cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, and alcohol.
 

 
 

For information on nicotine abuse and addiction, please visit www.smoking.drugabuse.gov.

For more information on how to quit smoking, please visit www.cdc.gov/tobacco.

 
     
 

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