has become one of the most severe crime problems facing the
world. There are several factors that contributed to the
rise of terrorism world wide.
Counterterrorism includes offensive measures taken to
prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism. Within the
emergency management, antiterrorism is a hazard mitigation
activity and counterterrorism falls within the scope of
preparedness, response and recovery.
According to Interpol, it constitutes a grave threat to
individuals' lives and national security in their member
states, and the organization has therefore made significant
efforts to address this world wide concern.
Bio-technology is undergoing rapid evolution and is already
proving difficult to manage. Bio-weapons threaten thousands
of casualties in addition to other disastrous long-term
consequences. Criminal networks can covertly transport
lethal biological agents across borders, and terrorists have
already proven that anthrax can be fatally deployed.
An effective biological weapon is potentially devastating
and much easier to make and transport than a nuclear weapon.
Bio-weapons are relatively safe for the terrorist. Pathogens
(biological agents or germs) are virtually undetectable and
can be brought reasonably easily into a country by an
individual, where they can then potentially be propagated in
Recognizing the imminent dangers represented by this lethal
form of crime is the first step in countering the threat.
Law enforcement agencies have a crucial role to play, with
significant support from a range of counter-terrorism
specialists, national and international governmental and
non-governmental agencies, scientists and other academics.
This will enable law enforcement agencies to take